Corné van Walbeek
Project Director and Professor, School of Economics, University of Cape Town
Bio and CV
Corné van Walbeek is currently a Professor at the School of Economics, and the Director of REEP, at the University of Cape Town. He joined UCT in 2000 as a Senior Researcher in the Applied Fiscal Research Centre, and began teaching in the School of Economics in 2001. Before joining UCT Corné was a manager in a fruit exporting company for three years and a lecturer at Stellenbosch University for six years.
His research interests are primarily in the economics of tobacco control, and in particular how changes in the excise tax on tobacco products can affect cigarette consumption. Within this field, his research has focused on the estimation of price elasticities of demand, how excise tax increases impact the poor, changes in smoking by different demographic groups over time, and the industry’s reaction to changes in the tobacco excise tax. His PhD thesis, completed in 2005, was entitled “The Economics of Tobacco Control in South Africa”. Furthermore, he has consulted the government in Jamaica and research groups in East Africa about tobacco control.
Recently Corné's research has had a strong international and cross-sectional focus. Together with Evan Blecher, their work has popularised the idea that the effectiveness of excise tax increases should be evaluated in terms of cigarette affordability, more than simply the price of cigarettes. The concept, although simple and intuitive, is gaining prominence in the literature and with the World Health Organization, and affordability measures are included in cross-country surveys of tobacco variables.
- Van der Zee, KT, Vellios, NG, Van Walbeek, CP and Ross, H, 2020. The illicit cigarette market in six South African townships. Tobacco Control.
- Van der Zee, K, Van Walbeek, C and Magadla, S, 2019. An analysis of cheap cigarettes in South Africa, Trends in Organised Crime.
- Vellios, NG, Van Walbeek, CP and Ross, H, 2019. Illicit cigarette trade in South Africa: 2002-2017. Tobacco Control.
- Berthet Valdois, J, Van Walbeek, C, Ross, H, Soondram, H, Jugumath, B, Chan Sun, M, Mohee, D, 2019. Tobacco industry tactics in response to cigarette excise tax increases in Mauritius (brief report), Tobacco Control.
- Dobbie, F, Mdege, N, Davidson, F, Siddiqi, K, Collin, J, Huque, R, Owusudabo, E, Van Walbeek, C and Bauld, L, 2019. Building capacity for applied research to reduce tobacco-related harm in low- and middle-income countries: the Tobacco Control Capacity Programme, Journal of Global Health Reports 3.
- Stacey, N, Mudara, C, Ng, SW, Van Walbeek, C, Hofman, K and Edoka, I, 2019. Sugar-based beverage taxes and prices: Evidence from South Africa’s Health Promotion Levy, Social Science and Medicine 238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112465.
- Van Walbeek, C and Kilumelume, M, 2019. An analysis of Media 24’s “Economist of the Year” forecasting competition. Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 43(1): 17-38. https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-166524a905.
- Van Walbeek, C and Paraje, G, 2019. Economics of tobacco control (part 3): evidence from the ITC Project (editorial), Tobacco Control, 28: s1-s2. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054832.
- Riley, S., Vellios, N. & van Walbeek, C.P. 2019. An economic analysis of the demand for cannabis: some results from South Africa. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy. doi: 10.1080/09687637.2019.1581139
- Vellios, N., van Walbeek, C.P. & Ross, H. 2019. Illicit Cigarette Trade in South Africa: 2002 – 2017. Tobacco Control. 0:1–9.
- Filby, S. & van Walbeek, C.P. 2018. Analysis of Article 6 (tax and price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco products) of the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Tobacco Control. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054462.
Van Walbeek, CP The Economics of Tobacco Control in South Africa
- Chapter 1: Introduction and History
- Chapter 2: Smoking Prevalence
- Chapter 3: International Review
- Chapter 4: Demand Analysis
- Chapter 5: Industry Reactions
- Chapter 6: Excise Taxes and The Poor
- Chapter 7: Advertising Expenditure
- Chapter 8: Conclusion
Van Walbeek, C, Krugell, W and Samouilhan, N, 2007. South African Workbook for Economics. Van Schaik Publishers. ISBN 9780627027208.
Economics of Tobacco Control Project (Phase II), 2002. The economics of tobacco control in South Africa. Applied Fiscal Research Centre. ISBN 0-7992-2174-0. Written by CP van Walbeek (145 pp).
Economics of Tobacco Control Project (Phase II), 2002. The tobacco epidemic can be reversed: Tobacco control in South Africa during the 1990s. Applied Fiscal Research Centre. ISBN 0-7992-2146-5. Written by CP van Walbeek (61 pp).
Chapters in books
Van der Zee, K and Van Walbeek, C, 2019. Chapter 19: An analysis of alcohol and cigarette prices in Maseru, Gaborone and neighbouring South African towns. In “Confronting Illicit Tobacco Trade: A Global Review of Country Experiences”. Edited by Sheila Dutta. The World Bank.
Van Walbeek, CP, Chaloupka, FJ and Reed, L, 2016. Chapter 6: The impact of tax and price on the demand for tobacco products. In National Cancer Institute Monograph 21: The Economics of Tobacco Control, World Health Organisation and National Cancer Institute.
Van Walbeek, CP and McCarthy, CL, 1992. Export instability: An analysis of the South African export sector, in Industrial Policy and Development in South Africa Vol. 1, Industrial Development Corporation.
Non-peer reviewed publications
Van Walbeek, CP, 2005. Le controle du tabagisme en Afrique du Sud (Tobacco control in South Africa). Promotion and Education 4 (supplement): 25-28.
Van Walbeek, CP, 2003. Tobacco excise taxation in South Africa. Published report for the Tobacco Free Initiative of the World Health Organisation. Report WHO/NMH/TFI/FTC/03.4.
Selection of published & unpublished reports
U.S. National Cancer Institute and World Health Organization. The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. National Cancer Institute Tobacco Control Monograph 21. NIH Publication No. 16-CA-8029A. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; and Geneva, CH: World Health Organization; 2016. Van Walbeek, C. & Ross, H. were co-authors of this monograph.
Kruger, L., van Walbeek, C. & Vellios, N. 2016. Waterpipe smoking among Western Cape students. American Journal of Health Behavior. Volume 40, Number 4, pp. 416-426
Vellios N., & van Walbeek, C. 2016. Determinants of regular smoking initiation in South Africa using survival analysis, BMJ Open.
Van Walbeek, C. February, 2015. A Review of Excise Taxes on Cigarettes in Jamaica.
Van Walbeek, CP, Barnett, J, Booth, A and Lewis FB, 2015. A review of cigarette excise taxes in Jamaica. Report written for the Jamaican Ministry of Health.
Van Walbeek, CP, and officials from the World Bank and the government of Ghana, 2014. Raising additional government revenues in Ghana by raising the excise tax on tobacco and alcohol. Report commissioned by the World Bank, Accra Office.
Van Walbeek, CP and Blecher, EH, 2014. The Economics of alcohol use, abuse and policy in South Africa. Report commissioned by the World Health Organisation South Africa Office.
Van Walbeek, CP and Daly, M, 2014. Alcohol advertising trends in South Africa. Report commissioned by the World Health Organisation South Africa Office
Van Walbeek, C. & Shai 2014. Are the tobacco industry’s claims about the size of the illicit cigarette market credible? The case of South Africa. Tobacco Control.
Van Walbeek, C. 2014. Measuring changes in the illicit cigarette market using government revenue data: the example of South Africa. Tobacco Control.
Van Walbeek, C. 2013. Subsequent Report on the Recent Change in the Excise Tax Regime for Cigarettes in Senegal.
Posen, J. & Van Walbeek, C. 2013. The impact of Cigarette Excise Tax Increases and Harmonisation in the East African Community.
Van Walbeek, C., Blecher, E., Gilmore, A. & Ross, H. 2012. Price and Tax Measures and Illicit Trade in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: What We Know and What Research is Required. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.
Van Walbeek, CP, 2010. The need for a new excise tax model for cigarettes in South Africa. Report commissioned by the National Council Against Smoking.
Van Walbeek, CP, Lewis-Fuller, E, Lalta, S, and Barnett, J, 2005. The economics of tobacco control in Jamaica: Will the pursuit of public health place a fiscal burden on the government? Report written for the Jamaican Ministry of Health.